Theory: Many children who have experienced hardship and difficulty in their early years cannot talk about it, since these experiences were fixed in their sub conscious before they were processed. Playing (Game Therapy) enables them to express their conflicts, without talking about them.
Game Therapy offers various forms of games:
- Function Games which are meant for relaxation and distracting attention.
- Design Games are meant to encourage the imagination and the creative powers.
- Rule Games are meant to create a meeting with norms.
- Social Games are made to overcome conflicts and acquire social skills. In this manner, we can also diagnose the child’s conflicts and assist them in problem solving.
The Healing Potential: The game enables accessibility to the child’s unconscious, since during the game the child externalizes unintentionally their repressed conflicts. Expressing conflicts through games enable the therapist to identify the child’s behavioral distractions and deal with them simultaneously. The child chooses a game – a figure, a doll, dice, a ball or something else and plays with it while the therapist is present, in a warm and supporting environment, which enables the child to freely express his emotions. The child leads the way and the therapist follows them. The child’s externalized emotions and the skills and difficulties he shows let the therapist know about the origin of the child’s problems and the way to solve them.
This method of therapy should also lead to the reducing tensions, active experiences, self-development and self-awareness, as well as to an ability to solve problems. In addition, game therapy also uses for acquiring knowledge and concepts to develop the thought and expression abilities. At the time they are occupied, the child also goes through a social learning process.